The Factory Floor

The Factory Floor was an installation of 8,000 handmade coloured ceramic floor tiles at the 2018 Venice Architecture Biennale, celebrating material generosity and craft in architecture.

We developed the tiles specifically for the project, as a reinvention of the traditional encaustic floor tile. Made from unglazed, vitrified clay, the colours and patterns are formed from the clay body itself, meaning they never fade. Encaustic tiles were originally popularised by the Victorians, who valued their durability and vibrance, using them to pave the floors of many of that era’s grandest buildings.